Understanding PC And Troubleshooting

Course Code: BCA313

Course Title: Understanding PC and Troubleshooting (4 Credits)




Course Contents


Unit 1: CPU: CPU Essentials: The BUSses, Processor Modes; Modern CPU concepts: CISC vs. RISC CPUs, Circuit Size and Die Size, Processor Speed, Processor Cooling, System Clocks, Processor Packages, Architectural Performance Features; Processors: Intel 8088/8086, Intel 80386, Intel Pentium P5, Intel Pentium with MMX technology, Intel Pentium Pro (P6 Machine), Intel Pentium II, Intel Core 2, Intel Atom, AMD CPU; CPU Overclocking:  Overclocking Requirements, Potential Pitfalls, Overclocking the System, Overclocking the Intel Processors,


Unit 2: Memory:  Essential memory concepts: Memory Organizationl; Logical memory organization: Memory package; modules: emory considerations,  speed and wait, states, memory types, memory techniques, selection and installation of memory, getting the right amount, filling banks; Troubleshooting


Unit 3: Motherboard: Components of Motherboards: Sockets and slots, Expansion slots, Memory slots, Chipsets - North bridge, South bridge; Form factor; Motherboard up-gradation: Considerations, Performing the Upgrade, Troubleshooting: Steps to identify whether to repair or replace the motherboard


Unit 4: Busses: Bus, Industry standard architecture (ISA): 8-Bit-ISA, 16-BIT-ISA; Peripheral component Interconnect (PCI): PCI bus configuration and signals, PCI layout, PCI signals; Accelerated graphics Port : Similarities with PCI, AGP layout, AGP signals; FSB; Dual Independent Bus (DIB); Troubleshooting


Unit 5: CMOS: The need of CMOS, CMOS optimization Tactics, Configuring the standard CMOS setup, Troubleshooting


Unit 6: BIOS: BIOS: Power-On-Self-Test (POST), Routines; BIOS features: AMI BIOS, Awards BIOS, Microid Research BIOS (MR BIOS), Identifying the BIOS chip; BIOS and boot sequences; BIOS shortcomings and compatibility issues: Device drivers, BIOS shadowing, Direct control, BIOS bugs; Troubleshooting


Unit 7: Power supplies and power management: Switching regulation; Potential power problems: Recognizing the problems, Dealing with the power problems, Upgradation; Power management in windows O.S.; Troubleshooting: switching power supplies, power management


Unit 8: Storage devices: The hard drive: Construction, IDE drive standard and features, Troubleshooting: The CD-ROM drive, Basics of CD-ROM drive, Construction, Troubleshooting; The DVD drive: DVD media, The DVD drive and decoder, Troubleshooting; Blue-Ray disc drive: Physical Media, Software standards, Troubleshooting; Flash Memory drive: Essential components of flash drive, Size and style of packaging, Troubleshooting


Unit 9: Parallel Port: parallel port functioning: Signals and time diagram, Port operation, IEEE1284 Modes; Troubleshooting: Preventing parallel port trouble, Configuration of parallel port device under Windows, 


Unit 10: Serial port: Asynchronous communication: The data frame, Signals, Band Vs BPS; Serial port functioning: serial port signals, DTE vs DCE; Modems: Constructing and operating a modem, Signal modulation, installing a modem, troubleshooting; troubleshooting: configuration, Serial port conflicts


Unit 11: Input – Output Device: Mice: The mouse, The trackball, Cleaning a pointing device, troubleshooting; Keyboards: Basics of keyboard, Maintenance and troubleshooting; Basics of sound boards: The recording, The Playback, Sampling concept, The role of MIDI, An inside look of a sound board; Troubleshooting a sound board: Hardware (Resource) Conflicts, Other Sound Card Problems, Other Problems, Full-Duplex drivers, Soundboard accelerations, Multiple codecs, WAV playback problems


Unit 12: Video adapters and accelerators: Conventional video adapters: Text, Graphics, Video BIOS, DirectX, Replacing/updating a adapter; Classification of video display hardware; Graphics accelerators: Factors for video speed; 3D graphics accelerator issues: The 3D process, Issues in 3D speed, Improving 3D performance; Troubleshooting: Avoiding the basic problem, Missing display options, Basic troubleshooting in windows OS


Unit 13: SCSI and USB systems: SCSI systems: SCSI concepts, Installing a SCSI system, SCSI considerations, Troubleshooting; USB systems: USB concepts, USB architecture, troubleshooting


Unit 14: PC Assembly: Plug and play devices: PnP under Window O.S., Enabling PnP under Linux: Troubleshooting; Identification of cables and computers; Fitting of cabinet; Mounting motherboard in cabinet