Production And Operations Management

Course Code: BBA501

Course Title: Production and Operations Management  (4 Credits)




Course Contents


Unit 1: Introduction to Production Management: Introduction; History of Production and Operations Management; Definitions of Production Management; Production Process; Production: The Heart of an Organization; Objectives of Production Management; Scope of Production Management; Importance of Technology in Production


Unit 2: Introduction to Operations Management: Definition of Operations Management: An Outline of Operations Strategy; Factors Affecting Operations Management; Objectives of Operations Management; Functions and Scope of Operations Management: Planning, Organizing, Controlling, Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing Operations and their Classifications, Productivity Figure , Operations Planning and Control


Unit 3: Operations Strategy: Meaning of Operations Strategy- Hierarchy and Flow; Current Global Business Conditions; Operations Strategy as a Competitive Weapon; Elements of Operations Strategy; Operations Strategy in Services


Unit 4: Forecasting: Concept of Forecasting: Purpose of Sales Forecasting, Basic Elements of Forecasting, Importance of Forecasting, Objectives of Forecasting, Classification of Forecasting ; Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques of Forecasting:  Qualitative Techniques, Quantitative Techniques


Unit 5: Production and Process Design: Product Selection; Definitions of Product Design and Development: Need for Product Design and Development, Origin of the Product Idea and Selection from Various Alternatives, Choosing among Alternative Products, Modifying the Existing Products, Sources of Product Innovation, Characteristics of a Good Design, Reverse Engineering, Concurrent Engineering; Process Design—Meaning, Need, Factors and Types: Framework for Process Design, Process Planning Procedure, Relationship between Process Planning and other POM Activities, Type of Process Designs.


Unit 6: Production Planning and Control: Nature of Production Planning and Control (PPC): Types of Plans, Elements of Production Planning, Strategy of Production Planning, Aggregate Planning; Main Functions of Production Planning and Control (PPC): Master Production Schedule (MPS); Types of Production Planning and Control Systems:  Production Control;  Product Scheduling: Factors Affecting Scheduling; Scheduling Procedure and Techniques


Unit 7: Operations Technology:  Importance of Operations Technology: Types of Operations Technology;  Manufacturing Systems or Production Systems: Continuous Production System (CPS), Characteristics of Continuous Production System, Intermittent Production System; Automation: Meaning, Importance and Elements: Computer-Aided Design (CAD), Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM), Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS), Computer-Integrated Manufacturing System (CIMS), Automatic Identification Systems (AIS); Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): Need for Enterprise Resource Planning: Why ERP?


Unit 8: Materials Management: Overview of Materials Management: Definition of Materials Management,  Functions of Materials Management, Importance of Materials Management; Concept of Purchase Management: The Objectives of Purchasing, The Functions of a Purchase Department, The Methods of Purchasing, Types of Contracts and tenders,  Seasonal Purchasing,  Subcontract Purchasing,  Central Purchase Organization, Purchasing Procedure;  Concept of Stores Management: The Functions of Stores Management, Types of Stores; Inventory Management and Coding


Unit 9:Supply Chain Management: Definitions of Supply Chain Management (SCM): Evolution, Nature, Concept and Relevance of SCM, Functions and Contributions of Supply Chain Management, Objectives of SCM;  Value Chain: Supply Alliances, Purchasing, Logistics, Warehousing; Information Technology in Supply Chain: E-Commerce, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Data Warehousing (DW), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)


Unit 10: Project Analysis: PERT/CPM: Definition of Project and Project Management: Characteristics of a Project, Life Cycle of a Project, Types of Projects, Scope of Project Management, Project Planning Process; Programme Evaluation Research Task (PERT) and Critical Path Method (CPM): Principles of Network Construction, Time Aspect of Projects, Crashing of a Project, Limitations of CPM and PERT


Unit 11: Plant Location and Layout: Definition and Objectives of Plant Location: Importance of Location, Locating Foreign Operations Facilities, Location Decision Process; Layout Planning: Advantages and Functions of Layout Planning, Principles of Layout, Layout Varies on Facility Types, Flow Patterns, Objectives of a Good Plant Layout,  Factors for a Good Plant Layout, Types of Layout, Methodology of Layout Planning


Unit 12: Maintenance Management: Maintenance Management:  Definition of Maintenance Management, Need for Maintenance, Objectives of Maintenance Management, Types of Maintenance Systems, Activities in Maintenance Management


Unit 13: Work Study: Work Study: Definition, Objectives, Significance and Advantages: Importance and Scope, Various Models, Work Study as a Science, Work Study and Productivity,  Outline Process Chart,  Importance of Work Study;  Method Study: Definition, Objectives and Procedure: Objectives of Method Study, Method Study Procedure, Threbligs;  Work Measurement: Objectives of Work Measurement, Techniques of Work Measurement,  Work Sampling Compared to Time Study


Unit 14: JIT and Quality: Definition of Just-In-Time (JIT): Process of JIT; Quality: Costs of Quality, Characteristics of Quality, Quality of the Process, Seven Tools of Statistics, Quality Planning and Improvement Tools, Specification and Control Limits: Total Quality Management (TQM): Principles of TQM, Deming’s 14 Points; Six Sigma: Six Sigma Themes