Research Methodology Syllabus

Course Code: MB0050

Course Title: Research methodology (4 Credits)




Course Contents


Unit 1 - Introduction to Research: Meaning of research; Types of research- Exploratory research, Conclusive research; The process of research; Research applications in social and business sciences; Features of a Good research study.


Unit 2 - Research Problem and Formulation of Research Hypotheses: Defining the Research problem; Management Decision Problem vs Management Research Problem; Problem identification process; Components of the research problem; Formulating the research hypothesis- Types of Research hypothesis; Writing a research proposal- Contents of a research proposal and types of research proposals.


Unit 3 - Research Design: Meaning of Research Designs; Nature and Classification of Research Designs; Exploratory Research Designs: Secondary Resource analysis, Case study Method, Expert opinion survey, Focus group discussions; Descriptive Research Designs: Cross-sectional studies and Longitudinal studies; Experimental Designs, Errors affecting Research Design.


Unit 4 - Primary and Secondary Data: Classification of Data; Secondary Data: Uses, Advantages, Disadvantages, Types and sources; Primary Data Collection: Observation method, Focus Group Discussion, Personal Interview method.


Unit 5 - Attitude Measurement and Scaling: Types of Measurement Scales; Attitude; Classification of Scales: Single item vs Multiple Item scale, Comparative vs Non-Comparative scales, Measurement Error, Criteria for Good Measurement.


Unit 6 - Questionnaire Design: Questionnaire method; Types of Questionnaires; Process of Questionnaire Designing; Advantages and Disadvantages of Questionnaire Method.


Unit 7 - Sampling: Sampling concepts- Sample vs Census, Sampling vs Non Sampling error; Sampling Design- Probability and Non Probability Sampling design; Determination of Sample size- Sample size for estimating population mean, Determination of sample size for estimating the population proportion.


Unit 8 - Data Processing: Data Editing- Field Editing, Centralized in house editing; Coding- Coding Closed ended structured Questions, Coding open ended structured Questions; Classification and Tabulation of Data.


Unit 9 - Univariate and Bivariate Analysis of Data: Descriptive vs Inferential Analysis, Descriptive Analysis of Univariate data- Analysis of Nominal scale data with only one possible response, Analysis of Nominal scale data with multiple category responses, Analysis of Ordinal Scaled Questions, Measures of Central Tendency, Measures of Dispersion; Descriptive Analysis of Bivariate data.


Unit 10 - Testing of Hypotheses: Concepts in Testing of Hypothesis – Steps in testing of hypothesis, Test Statistic for testing hypothesis about population mean; Tests concerning Means- the case of single population; Tests for Difference between two population means; Tests concerning population proportion- the case of single population; Tests for difference between two population proportions.


Unit 11 - Chi-square Analysis: Chi square test for the Goodness of Fit; Chi square test for the independence of variables; Chi square test for the equality of more than two population proportions.


Unit 12 - Analysis of Variance: Completely randomized design in a one-way ANOVA; Randomized block design in two way ANOVA; Factorial design.


Unit 13 - Research Report Writing: Types of research reports – Brief reports and Detailed reports; Report writing: Structure of the research report- Preliminary section, Main report, Interpretations of Results and Suggested Recommendations; Report writing: Formulation rules for writing the report: Guidelines for presenting tabular data, Guidelines for visual Representations.


Unit 14 - Ethics in Research: Meaning of Research Ethics; Clients Ethical code; Researchers Ethical code; Ethical Codes related to respondents; Responsibility of ethics in research